Search Tools: Web | News | Images | Forums
Agoraphobia Causes and Risk Factors
The etiology of agoraphobia (cause) is not fully understood and identified, but the likelihood of developing this disorder involves a combination of genetic, social, and psychological factors.
Genetic Factors: The genetic causes of agoraphobia are complex and not completely understood. However, a study conducted in 2001 by a Yale geneticists team discovered a genetic locus on the human chromosome 3 that governs the person's risk of developing agoraphobia.
Social factors. The social factors seem to be related to the gender differences. According to statistics, agoraphobia is more common among women. A plausible hypothesis that can partially explained the gender prevalence of agoraphobia is the gender role socialization. This hypothesis is based on the fact that girls more than boys are thought to be fearful and timid about venturing out in public. Another hypothesis that may explain the gender differences on agoraphobia prevalence is based on the mother-daughter relationship. According to this perspective, mothers seem to give mixed messages to their daughters about becoming separate individuals. This might lead to a more fragile sense of self and a weak sense of internal psychological boundaries in girls, which tend to stay more within the physical boundaries of their home where they are safe.
Article by Alina Morrow
OmniMedicalSearch does not provide medical advice and the Medical Conditions & Diseases section is for informational purposes only. Please see our Medical Disclaimer and always consult with your physician.
Page Last Modified: