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Bursitis

See Also:

Bursitis: Introduction & Overview
Bursitis: Types
Bursitis: Causes & Risk Factors
Bursitis: Symptoms & Diagnosis Methods
Bursitis: Treatment & Prevention Options

Types of Bursitis

It may be noted that bursitis can occur anywhere in the body where bursae are located. The various types of bursitis include:

1. Subacromial or Subdeltoid Bursitis: This type is associated with the muscle in the arm. Repetitive activities such as pitching of a baseball and lifting of luggage overhead involving an elevated arm cause inflammation of these bursae in the arm causing subacromial or subdeltoid bursitis.

2. Olecranon Bursitis or Elbow Bursitis: The olecranon bursitis is inflammation of the bursa near the elbow. Acute blows or chronic stress can easily cause trauma to the skin and surrounding tissues near the elbow leading to olecranon bursitis.

3. Iliopsoas Bursitis: This type of bursitis is often associated with hip pathology or recreational injury. The pain may extend from the thigh to the knee.

4. Trochanteric Bursitis or Hip Bursitis: This type is prevalent in runners and ballet dancers. The patients may experience chronic, intermittent and aching pain over the lateral hip.

5. Ischial Bursitis: In this type, inflammation could be due to trauma, prolonged sitting on hard surfaces or sitting in one position for a long time. The pain may radiate down the back side of the thigh.

6. Prepatellar Bursitis or Housemaid knee or Kneecap Bursitis: In this type, the inflammation is due to trauma or constant friction between the skin and the patella (knee cap). This type is experienced mostly by people with occupations such as carpet laying, coal mining, roofing, gardening and plumbing.

 

7. Infrapatellar Bursitis: The infrapatellar bursitis is caused by frequent kneeling in upright position. People with occupation involving kneeling in upright position are prone to this type of bursitis.

8. Anserine Bursitis or Knee Bursitis: Patients suffering from anserine bursitis are older, obese females with a history of osteoarthritis of the knees and may suffer from Type 2 diabetes mellitus. These patients have tenderness in the middle part of the knee and experience pain that radiates along the central joint line to the inner thigh and calf (1).

9. Calcaneal Bursitis: This type of bursitis is caused mostly in young athletes due to poor fitting shoes leading to inflammation of bursa present in front of the attachment of the tendon to the heel (1) & (4).

See Also:

Bursitis: Introduction & Overview
Bursitis: Types
Bursitis: Causes & Risk Factors
Bursitis: Symptoms & Diagnosis Methods
Bursitis: Treatment & Prevention Options

Article by Kona Vishnu, MS
Medical Writer,
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