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Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is the inability of the heart to pump oxygenated blood to different muscles, tissues and organs due to weakening of hearts muscles leading to retention of oxygenated blood in the lower chamber of the heart (left ventricle) and lungs. This weakened pumping action of the heart causes accumulation of body fluid (water) in the lungs, kidneys, arms, legs ankles and feet (1). Congestive heart failure is mainly due to:
Normally, the heart pumps more than 50% of the blood that fills in it during every heart beat, but in case of patients suffering from heart failure, less than 40% of their blood is pumped out during each heart beat and a large portion of the blood remains in the heart - leaving less room for blood coming from the lungs during the next heart beat. This results in backing up of blood into the body. (3)
Approximately 550,000 new cases are diagnosed every year. It is the most common hospital receiving diagnosis with more than one million hospital stays annually. A person 40 years or more has a 1 in 5 chance of developing heart failure. Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) affects 1% of the people aged 50 years and older, 5% people aged 75 years or older, and 25% people aged 85 years or older irrespective of sex. (4,5)
Article by Kona Vishnu, MS
Diagram of the human heart showing major features and direction of blood flow.
Location of heart in relation to chest.
Chest X-Ray showing an implanted pacemaker.
Stent's like this one are inserted into arteries to help keep them open, allowing blood to flow.
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