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Medical management of the disease consists of reducing the symptoms and bringing on remission.
The following medications are used to treat Crohns disease:
5-ASA compounds: Most of the medications for Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis have 5-aminosalicylic acid that inhibits substances causing inflammation in the immune system. These sulfa drugs also called sulfasalazine and trade named as Azulfadine are one such drug. It is important to note that sulfasalazine has many side affects such as headaches, nausea and vomiting.
Medications that suppress the immune system: Immunosuppressive drugs are generally used in conjunction with organ transplants to minimize the possibility of rejection.
Antibiotics: Broad spectrum antibiotics like Ciprofloxacin (Cipro), Clarithromycin (Biaxin) and Ampicillin are used to treat Crohns disease.
Infliximab: This drug is a chimeric monoclonal antibody-a manufactured protein trade named as Remicade is used to treat specific biological substance.
Article by Kona Vishnu, MS
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