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Liver Cancer

See Also:
Liver Cancer: Introduction & Pictures
Liver Cancer: Types

Liver Cancer: Causes & Risk Factors
Liver Cancer: Symptoms,
Liver Cancer: Tests & Diagnosis Methods
Liver Cancer: Stages
Liver Cancer: Treatment Options
Cancer Search Engine (new window)

Liver Cancer Stages

An important prognostic predictor for any type of cancer is the clinicopathologic stage. A clinicopathologic stage describes the cancer developmental phase, and is established according to several criteria: (1) the tumor size, (2) the cancer location (if the cancer is present in one or both lobes of the liver), (3) the cancer extent (this last criteria is divided in two: if the cancer grew into or around the blood vessels and if the cancer had spread to the adjacent lymph nodes or organs).

There are four stages of liver cancer:

  • STAGE I: Localized and Resectable (the tumor can be surgically removed)
    In this stage, the tumor, measuring 2 cm or less, is located in a single area of the liver and can be surgically removed.
  • STAGE II: Localized and Possible resection
    In this stage, the cancer is present in one or more locations but did not spread to the adjacent lymph nodes or blood vessels. There are two situations that can occur:
    - A single tumor measuring either around 2 cm or less, or more than 2 cm is present .
    - Few tumors measuring 2 cm or less are present, but they are all confined to one liver lobe.

    STAGE III: Advanced
    This stage is divided in two sub-stages:

  • Stage III A: In this stage, the cancer has not spread to other organs or lymph nodes. However, there are two situations that can occur:
    - A single tumor larger than 2 cm is present and the blood vessels around the tumor are affected.
    - There are a few tumors measuring either around 2 cm or less, or more than 2 cm are present in the same liver lobe, and the adjacent blood vessels might be affected.

    Stage III B: In this stage, the tumors can have any size, the blood vessels may or may not be affected, and the cancer has spread to the adjacent lymph nodes without affecting other organs.

  • STAGE IV: Disseminated (diffused)
    This stage is divided in two sub-stages:
  • - Stage IVA: In this stage, the cancer is present in more than one liver lobes, it may have spread to adjacent lymph nodes, organs (but not the gallbladder) and structures (like peritoneum), and it grew into or around the main blood vessels (portal vein and hepatic artery).

    - Stage IVB: In this stage, the cancer has spread to distal (situated farthest from origin point) organs and lymph nodes.

    See Also:
    Liver Cancer: Introduction & Pictures
    Liver Cancer: Types

    Liver Cancer: Causes & Risk Factors
    Liver Cancer: Symptoms,
    Liver Cancer: Tests & Diagnosis Methods
    Liver Cancer: Stages
    Liver Cancer: Treatment Options
    Cancer Search Engine (new window)

    Article by Alina Morrow, MS
    Medical Writer
    OmniMedicalSearch.com

    Page Covers: What are the stages of liver cancer?

    Sources:

    American Cancer Society, Detailed Guide: Liver Cancer, March 2009
    American Cancer Society, Overview: Liver Cancer, April 2009
    Healthfinder.gov, Laurie LaRusso MS. ELS, Liver Cancer, March 2009
    Liver Cancer Treatment, Diagnosing Liver Cancer, 2006
    Liver Cancer Treatment, Liver Cancer Treatment & Ongoing Care, 2006
    Liver Cancer Treatment, Understanding Liver Cancer, 2007
    University of Maryland Marlene and Steward, Greenebaum Cancer Center, Liver Cancer, 2008
    National Cancer Institute, What You Need To Know About Liver Cancer, September 2005
    National Cancer Institute, Adult Primary Liver Cancer (PDQ): Treatment, January 2005
    Cancerbackup, Primary liver cancer, March 2006
    MedicineNet.com, Liver cancer, April 2008
    Liver Cancer Network, Diagnosis, 2008
    Cancer Research Uk, The stages of primary liver cancer, March 2009

       

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    Page Last Modified:
    03/06/2011